January 04, 2016 - Saudi Arabia cut diplomatic ties with Iran on Sunday and gave all Iranian diplomats 48 hours to leave the kingdom, as escalating tensions over the execution of an outspoken Shiite cleric in Saudi Arabia on Saturday marked a new low in relations between the two Middle Eastern powers. The announcement by Adel al-Jubeir, the Saudi foreign minister, during a televised news conference followed harsh criticism by Iranian leaders of the Saudis’ execution of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr and protesters' storming of the Saudi Embassy in Tehran.
Saudi Arabia and Iran are historic foes. Saudi, being predominantly Sunni, and Iran, being the center of Shiite Islam, consider themselves as the champions of their own respective religions. While they have had no direct armed confrontations, they have engaged in numerous diplomatic squabbles. Diplomatic tensions deepened when Saudi openly gave its support to the rebels fighting the Assad regime in Syria, a regime long considered Iran’s closest ally.
Iran has been undeterred by the economic and military isolation under US-led sanctions from becoming militarily independent, spending years developing ingenious weapons systems and raising an army almost three times the size of Saudi Arabia’s military. Iran's superficial military advantages are mitigated somewhat by Saudi's technological superiority.
Escalation of military tensions between the two countries could further undermine security throughout the region and spook global oil markets just as Iran is set to boost its oil production.
A Country's projection of power relies in large part upon its military capabilities. Successfully being able to project and wield that power is a key diplomatic asset. America's biggest conventional military advantages is its fleet of 19 aircrafts carriers, compared to 12 carriers operated by the rest of the World combined. These massive carriers allow the US to setup forward operating bases anywhere and project power throughtout the World.
The 2017 Global Peace Index: Armed Conflicts | Safety and Security | Militarization
Armed conflict is defined by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) as a contested incompatibility that concerns government or territory where the use of armed force between two parties, of which at least one is the government of a state, results in at least 25 battle-related deaths. Country of conflict is a country whose government has a primary claim to the issue in dispute and not the geographical location of the conflict. There are three different types of conflict: interstate, internal, and internationalized internal. Interstate armed conflict occurs between two or more states. Internal conflict occurs between the government of a...
Global Firepower (GFP) provides a unique analytical display of data concerning today's world military powers. Over 1000 world powers are considering in the ranking which allows for a broad spectrum of comparisons to be achieved concerning relative military strengths. The user should note that nuclear capability is not taken into account as that would defeat the purpose of such comparisons. Instead, the GFP ranking is based strictly on each nations potential conventional war-making capabilities across land, sea and air. The final ranking also incorporates values related to resources, finances and geography. Some statistics have been...