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The Central Statistics Office of Botswana (CSO) is a government department in the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning. CSO is the principal data collecting, processing and disseminating agency responsible for coordinating, monitoring and supervising the National Statistical System. It thus has the statutory mandate to produce and provide government, the private sector, parastatal organisations, international organisations, the civil society and the general public with statistical information for evidence based decision-making, policy formulation and planning as well as investment purposes. The statutory mandate also includes the responsibility of providing advisory and technical service to all users on statistical matters.
Population figures are required for planning in every sector of a population. Outside the census year, census figures do not adequately meet planning needs for future population figures. The purpose of this table is therefore to project the population of Botswana at national, and district level. Populations of urban and rural areas are also projected. To meet the requirement of generating projections by using different variants/scenarios a re-analysis/re-adjustment and estimation of fertility and mortality was carried out on both the 2001 and 2011 Censuses to enable the development of appropriate assumptions for the projections.