In 2015, at least 892 "hate" groups were operating throughout the United States, according to Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC). This represents a 14 percent increase from the 784 groups recorded a year before. Still, the current figures are lower than the all-time high in 2011 as traditional organised extremism continues to shrink in favor of collective and individual cyber-based activism.
The SPLC defines a hate group as an organised movement that has beliefs or practices that attack or malign an entire class of people based on religion, race, sexual orientation, gender, nationality, and other immutable characteristics. The SPLC monitors the activities of such domestic hate groups as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), neo-Nazi, racist skinhead, black separatist, Christian Identity, white nationalist, neo-Confederate, and general hate (or, "other"). Through the work of the SPLC, disturbing and enlightening trends that underscore the origins and means of continued existence in modern US society emerge:
The oldest US-based hate group is also the largest. The most populous hate group is the Ku Klux Klan, with an estimated 5,000 to 8,000 members among its 190 chapters. Almost one-third of the chapters (52) are registered in the state of Texas. Founded in 1865, the KKK is also the oldest of the American hate groups and has historically targeted black Americans, members of the Jewish and Catholic churches, homosexuals, and immigrants.
Hate groups are increasingly focused on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons. The composition of the general hate group has significantly changed during the last five years. While the number of anti-immigrant, radical traditional Catholic, and anti-Muslim groups remained steady, the number of the anti-LGBT groups expanded almost twofold. One of the reasons for for the expansion was spreading opposition to same-sex marriage and related issues that have been at the forefront of US politics and legislation. The upcoming US presidential election has also increased the activity of the anti-LGBT movement, as the demonization of the LGBT community has proven to be politically expedient for some candidates. For example, Donald Trump's campaign released a “Free to Believe” broadcast that was organized by the Family Research Council, a group the SPLC categorizes as an anti-LGBT.
Neo-Nazi groups are on the decline even as media glare returns. The number of groups espousing racial identity, such as neo-Nazi, racist skinhead and white nationalist decreased steadily during 2015. Among them, the neo-Nazi group saw the most notable decline with 45 of its chapters being shut down last year. US-based neo-Nazi activism has hit recent international media headlines in connection with the murder of British MP Jo Cox. The killer, Thomas Mair, was said to have bought books from a US-based neo-Nazi group. Mair's collection included a guide on how to make a homemade gun.
Source: UNODC International Homicide StatisticsEconomyCrimeDemographicsGDP, current prices USDHomicide RateTotal Population ForecastGDP, PPP current intern. $HomicidesPopulation Growth Rate ForecastGDP per capita, current prices USDPercentage of homicides by firearmPopulation Density ForecastGDP per capita, PPP current intern. $Number of homicides by firearmMedian Age of the Population ForecastForeign Direct InvestmentHomicide by firearm rate Total populationTotal External Debt, USDAssault, ratePopulation Growth RateShare of AgricultureKidnapping, ratePopulation DensityShare of ManufacturingRobbery, rateMedian Age of PopulationShare of...
Over the past two decades, the United States has seen a significant decrease in crime. Between 1991 and 2013 crime rate fell from 1,311 to 689 offenses per 100,000 population. In absolute terms, a number of crimes reduced by 8.5 million during the reference period from 28.3 million in 1991 to 19.8 million in 2013. The estimated number of violent crimes in the nation decreased 0.2 percent in 2014 when compared with 2013 data, according to FBI figures. Property crimes decreased by 4.3 percent, marking the 12th straight year the collective estimates for these offenses declined. The 2014 statistics show the estimated rate of violent crime was...