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Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization that is the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams now play in the American League (AL) and National League (NL), with 15 teams in each league. The AL and NL operated as separate legal entities from 1901 and 1876 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities since 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization also oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises about 240 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament.
Number of Games Appeared (G): the number of games in which a player has appeared;At Bat (AB): the number of official at bats by a batter (official at bat defined as the number of plate appearances minus sacrifices, walks and Hit by Pitches;Runs Scored (R): the number of times a baserunner safely reaches home plate;Hits (H): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches bases safely without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Double Runs (2B): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches second base without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Triple Runs (3B): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches third base without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Home Runs (HR): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches home plate scoring a run either by hitting the ball out of play in fair territory or without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Run Batted In (RBI): the number of runs that score safely due to a batter hitting a ball or drawing a base on balls;Base on Balls (BB): the number of walks by a batter (four balls during an at bat);Strikeouts (SO): the number of strikeouts by a batter (three strikes during an at bat);Stolen Bases (SB): the number of times a player has stolen a base;Caught Stealing (CS): the number of times a player has been put out attempting to steal a base;Average (Hits / At Bat) (AVG): the average number of hits by a batter defined by hits divided by at bats (H/AB);On-base Percentage (OBP): the number of times each batter reaches base by hit, walk or hit by pitch, divided by plate appearances including at-bats, walks, hit by pitch and sacrifice flies (H+BB+HBP)/(AB+BB+HBP+SF);Slugging Average (SLG): slugging percentage, the measure of the power of a hitter, total bases divided by at bats (TB/AB);On-base Plus Slugging (OPS): on-base percentage plus slugging (OBP + SLG);Intentional Base on Balls (IBB): the number of times a batter was walked intentionally;Hit by Pitch (HBP): the number of times a batter has been hit by pitch;Sacrifice (SAC): the number of sacrifice bunts by a batter;Sacrifice Fly (SF): the number of times a runner tags up and scores after a batter's fly out;Total Base (TB): the total number of bases i.e. one base for single, two bases for double;Extra Base Hits (XBH): the total number of doubles, triples and home runs for a batter;Ground into Double Play (GDP): the number of times a batter has grounded into a double play;Ground Ball Outs (GO): the number of times a batter has made an out on a ground ball;Fly Ball Outs (AO): Fly Outs is the total of all fly balls hit by the batter into outs, not including line drives;Ground Ball Fly Ball Ratio (GO_AO): ratio of outs made by a batter on the ground versus the air;Pitches Thrown (NP): the total number of pitches thrown during all of the batter's plate appearances;Plate Appearance (PA): the number of times a batter has appeared at the plate (AB+BB+HBP+SF).
Number of Games Appeared (G): the number of games in which a player has appeared;At Bat (AB): the number of official at bats by a batter (official at bat defined as the number of plate appearances minus sacrifices, walks and Hit by Pitches;Runs Scored (R): the number of times a baserunner safely reaches home plate;Hits (H): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches bases safely without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Double Runs (2B): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches second base without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Triple Runs (3B): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches third base without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Home Runs (HR): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches home plate scoring a run either by hitting the ball out of play in fair territory or without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Run Batted In (RBI): the number of runs that score safely due to a batter hitting a ball or drawing a base on balls;Base on Balls (BB): the number of walks by a batter (four balls during an at bat);Strikeouts (SO): the number of strikeouts by a batter (three strikes during an at bat);Stolen Bases (SB): the number of times a player has stolen a base;Caught Stealing (CS): the number of times a player has been put out attempting to steal a base;Average (Hits / At Bat) (AVG): the average number of hits by a batter defined by hits divided by at bats (H/AB);On-base Percentage (OBP): the number of times each batter reaches base by hit, walk or hit by pitch, divided by plate appearances including at-bats, walks, hit by pitch and sacrifice flies (H+BB+HBP)/(AB+BB+HBP+SF);Slugging Average (SLG): slugging percentage, the measure of the power of a hitter, total bases divided by at bats (TB/AB);On-base Plus Slugging (OPS): on-base percentage plus slugging (OBP + SLG);Intentional Base on Balls (IBB): the number of times a batter was walked intentionally;Hit by Pitch (HBP): the number of times a batter has been hit by pitch;Sacrifice (SAC): the number of sacrifice bunts by a batter;Sacrifice Fly (SF): the number of times a runner tags up and scores after a batter's fly out;Total Base (TB): the total number of bases i.e. one base for single, two bases for double;Extra Base Hits (XBH): the total number of doubles, triples and home runs for a batter;Ground into Double Play (GDP): the number of times a batter has grounded into a double play;Ground Ball Outs (GO): the number of times a batter has made an out on a ground ball;Fly Ball Outs (AO): Fly Outs is the total of all fly balls hit by the batter into outs, not including line drives;Ground Ball Fly Ball Ratio (GO_AO): ratio of outs made by a batter on the ground versus the air;Pitches Thrown (NP): the total number of pitches thrown during all of the batter's plate appearances;Plate Appearance (PA): the number of times a batter has appeared at the plate (AB+BB+HBP+SF).
Number of Games Appeared (G): the number of games in which a player has appeared;At Bat (AB): the number of official at bats by a batter (official at bat defined as the number of plate appearances minus sacrifices, walks and Hit by Pitches;Runs Scored (R): the number of times a baserunner safely reaches home plate;Hits (H): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches bases safely without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Double Runs (2B): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches second base without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Triple Runs (3B): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches third base without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Home Runs (HR): the number of times a batter hits the ball and reaches home plate scoring a run either by hitting the ball out of play in fair territory or without aid of an error or fielder's choice;Run Batted In (RBI): the number of runs that score safely due to a batter hitting a ball or drawing a base on balls;Base on Balls (BB): the number of walks by a batter (four balls during an at bat);Strikeouts (SO): the number of strikeouts by a batter (three strikes during an at bat);Stolen Bases (SB): the number of times a player has stolen a base;Caught Stealing (CS): the number of times a player has been put out attempting to steal a base;Average (Hits / At Bat) (AVG): the average number of hits by a batter defined by hits divided by at bats (H/AB);On-base Percentage (OBP): the number of times each batter reaches base by hit, walk or hit by pitch, divided by plate appearances including at-bats, walks, hit by pitch and sacrifice flies (H+BB+HBP)/(AB+BB+HBP+SF);Slugging Average (SLG): slugging percentage, the measure of the power of a hitter, total bases divided by at bats (TB/AB);On-base Plus Slugging (OPS): on-base percentage plus slugging (OBP + SLG);Intentional Base on Balls (IBB): the number of times a batter was walked intentionally;Hit by Pitch (HBP): the number of times a batter has been hit by pitch;Sacrifice (SAC): the number of sacrifice bunts by a batter;Sacrifice Fly (SF): the number of times a runner tags up and scores after a batter's fly out;Total Base (TB): the total number of bases i.e. one base for single, two bases for double;Extra Base Hits (XBH): the total number of doubles, triples and home runs for a batter;Ground into Double Play (GDP): the number of times a batter has grounded into a double play;Ground Ball Outs (GO): the number of times a batter has made an out on a ground ball;Fly Ball Outs (AO): Fly Outs is the total of all fly balls hit by the batter into outs, not including line drives;Ground Ball Fly Ball Ratio (GO_AO): ratio of outs made by a batter on the ground versus the air;Pitches Thrown (NP): the total number of pitches thrown during all of the batter's plate appearances;Plate Appearance (PA): the number of times a batter has appeared at the plate (AB+BB+HBP+SF).